Jews have been living in Ireland for more than 500 years, but their numbers swelled only in the last 135 years. One writer has a theory why so many Jewish émigrés fleeing pogroms in Eastern Europe decided to stay in Ireland.
According to Larry Tye, author of the book "Home Lands: Portrait of the New Jewish Diaspora," Jews ended up living in Ireland quite by accident. "Ireland," Tye told the Forward, "sounded so much like heymland, the Yiddish word for destination or homeland, that many Yiddish-speaking Russians thought they had reached America when they stopped off in Dublin, while Cork sounded all too much like New York to those unfamiliar with English." [Link]