Thousands of orphaned "home children" were shipped from Britain to Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to make room in UK orphanages. Cecil Verge of the British Home Children and Descendants Association says the trip came as a surprise to some of the kids.
Some of the children, he adds, didn't even know where they were going: "I've heard of cases where the agencies would ask the kids if they wanted to go on holiday. One child I know used to say he'd been on holiday here for the past 60 years." [Link]